PSHB SUPPLEMENTARY SURFACTANT (EMERGENCY REGISTRATION PENDING)
The jury is out on the desirability of the continued use of conventional surfactants. Surfactants were originally used to Enhance water solubility of water insoluble compounds, maintain formulary consistency and control viscosity. Must Enable spray solutions to adhere to target surfaces and reduce surface tension. Must Optimize biological efficacy and remove the cuticle wax layer of plant surfaces
But in recent times an increasing number of studies begin to show the adverse effects of the components used as surfactants. Here are a few examples:
THE ANODS- APPROACH
The ANODS-approach obviates all of these and contains only natural lipids, Chitosan and Vitamin E. Not only do each of these offer a variety of benefits to plants, but the ANODS entrap intended compounds and thereby offer a natural transport vehicle for these compounds. ANODS therefore becomes a natural surfactant with the following benefits:
These factors are important in the fight against the PSHB beetle and its symbiont Fusarium. Deep penetration is essential and particularly deep depositing of toxins to attack the beetle. Conventional toxins are not designed to penetrate, and even with conventional surfactants penetration is extremely limited. Various studies in the USA have shown disappointing results, to the extent that it is now suggested that the only solution is to destroy infected trees. We have shown the exact opposite where we found more than 10cm penetration within 24-hours -- regardless of bark structure.
We have attempted various insecticides, but found Cypermethrin to be the least ecologically harmful, but still highly effective. From the table below it will be evident that a 0,4% concentration of commercial Cypermethrin in ANODS-based Surfactant is some 300% more effective than a 20% commercial product without the ANODS-based Surfactant.