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PANAF 4 is specially formulated inoculant as a dip for seeds and seedlings before transplanting in order to help protect the young plant overcome attacks from pests as well as withstand other stresses.  It is also used to prepare seeds before sowing.



Help protect the young plant overcome attacks from pests, such as nematodes, fungi and heat




Acetyl-Genins, Salicylic Acid, Chitosan


PANAF 4 can be applied through dipping of the seedlings before planting, spraying or dipping of seeds

Select the appropriate inoculant according to specific needs.

Add water only when needed. Eg. Peanut seed coats are known to be damaged by water and that inhibits germination. In this instance addition of water is not recommended.

In other instances the inoculant can be diluted as 1 part inoculant to 10 parts water.

Where clogging of seeds after dipping causes a problem, a light spray is recommended.



Especially in vegetable farming, much use is made of growing seedlings under controlled conditions.

In most instances seedlings are transplanted in bare-root state. This method of transplantation leaves

the seedling vulnerable to various conditions of shock.  The most important of these are Transplant

shock, Transplant root injury, growth delay due to adaptation & re-establishment, UV shock and attacks

from soil borne pests.


PANAF 4 has been formulated to obviate or reduce these factors as best as possible.


  • Inoculation & pest control. The active ingredients of salicylic acid and Thymol are known inoculants and anti pathogens. These apply to both nematode attacks to roots and fungal infections. The formula also contains essential lipids to help absorption of nutrients as well facilitate transport of these nutrients to all parts of the seedling.
  • The inoculant will help prevent or reduce attacks by endo-nematodes to plant roots, and thus also reduce the destructive scourge of endo-nematodes as the plant grows.
  • Transplant shock. Loss of seedlings are much reduced due to the protective layer formed around roots
  • UV Shock. Experiments at NWU showed superior recovery of treated plants to untreated plants after extreme fluorescence exposure in terms of both Photosystem 1 and 2. Where the seedling has been grown in a protected environment, the lipids will help with the adaptation to the stronger UV environment
  • Transplant Root Injury. The strengthening of the roots and the ability to help reduce the recovery period underscore the benefits of PANAF 4 as a part of vegetable farming.

The right series of slides compare the germination and growth of 2 sets of sunflower seeds over a 9 day period.

10 sunflower seeds were soaked in diluted PANAF 4 for 30 minutes and thereafter placed in glass containers as indicated. Both containers were kept in an oven at 20° C for the duration of the experiment.  Within 24 hours all seeds in the experimental (treated) group germinated, whereas 3 of the control group did not. Two of these only germinated after 7 days, and one not at all.

From day 3 onwards root growth in the treated group was much more defined and vigorous. Taproots began to develop from day 3 and primary roots continued to grow deeper. From day 5 onwards the difference in root structure was clearly noticeable. After 9 days the total root mass of the experimental group was 45% more than that of the control group.

The Average stem length of the experimental group was 185mm, against 129mm of the control, which means that the experimental growth was 43% better than the control group.


Pan African Farms

31A Unie Street


RSA 9585


Tel. +27 56 817 6489